Flight 59/60, Advanced Local Pilot Licence !!!

I took half a day off from work yesterday morning (Friday). Had a 1 1/2 hr lesson from Dave as preparation for my Advanced Local flight test today. As I had been flying with Terry for the last few months and he is new to instructing, yesterday was a good test to see if I was ready for it.

Well definitely a few thing to brush up there. Mainly theoretical things, procedures:

HASELL; the things to check before doing Stalls:

  • Height; enough, more then 2000ft, so its safe to stall as you easily drop a few hundred feet
  • Air-frame; plane configured correct, flaps neutral, engine ready to idle
  • Security; safety harness tight, no loose objects
  • Engine; enough fuel, temperatures correct, fuel pump on
  • Locality; stay away from build up areas
  • Lookout; to a 360 turn to see if there is no one around

And what to do in case of an Engine Failure:

  • Glide, nose down and maintain the optimum glide speed (least amount of drop per minute)
  • Wind-direction, know where the wind comes from to select a landing spot
  • Field-selection, find a nice long enough field, no animals, no fences, no power lines, no trees on start of field
  • Plan-descend, visualise the descend path, know when to turn into finals
  • Engine-final-check and Plan-descend; see if there is a reason for the engine failure; fuel, switches AND plan descend again
  • May-Day-radio-call and Plan-descend; send MayDay, MayDay, MayDay, CallSign, CallSign, CallSign, Location, # PeopleOnBoard, EngineFailure
  • Brief-passenger; tell him to secure safety harness, explain where we are landing, tel him to look out for houses so we know were to go after the landing

So yes last night I did some learning…

And also I wasn’t aggressive enough with my stalls. A bit scared from my side I suppose. After closing the throttle, raise the nose, and gently pull the stick ALL the way towards you. Wait for the stall (and apply opposite rudder when one wing drops to prevent a spin) then move stick forward 2 inch, apply power and pull up again. From the moment it starts stalling you are looking at the ground!! and that looks scary but because you have lots of height when practicing, thats all good. Just need to do it lots and get used to it. All practice for the day when it happens when you don’t expect it.

And the last thing I had to brush up a bit was my side slipping. Also not aggressive enough. Full right ruder and left aileron and forward stick to maintain a good speed. That will get you down, loose altitude really quick. This is mainly used with forced landings, and to a lesser extend with normal landings when the engine is working. But even here, a normal landing, you always need to be prepared for an engine failure, so I should always be too high and side-slip the last bit into the runway so I always have enough height in case the engine does fail….

We also did something new. Slow flying. Basically slow the engine a bit, pull up the nose and maintain the same height. Then slowly drop the engine speed and raise the nose more to maintain the same height. All that time the plane goes slower and slower, eventually well below the stall speed. But because the engine is blowing more down now you’re not falling out of the sky…… The reason for all of this is to experience that at this stage the ailerons stop working so stick sideways stick is hardly doing anything or nothing at all. The only thing that works is the rudder. So yes that was a first for me but Dave talked me through it and it worked !


So yes today, as you can see below, a perfect day. Did all the things we practiced yesterday and implemented all the procedures I rehearsed last night. Also did turns, left and right, gentle and steep while maintaining height. Did lots of stalls, and all going well. Did some forced landings, did’t get down fast enough down for the first one, but second and third one were good enough. When we joined the circuit again, after the first touch and go did an engine failure practice straight after take-off, landing in the river bed, just beside the air-field, down to 20ft….. Also did a final with to much height and aggressively side slipping into the runway….

When stopped at the club house (see below) Dave told me I had passed !!

YEAH    Advanced Local now. Can fly anytime withing a 50 nautical miles radius now, outside controlled air space  🙂

Advanced Local pilot licence 🙂

In the instructor room we filled in the RAANZ upgrade forms. So its all official now !!!!

Flight 58, low level flight in brisk NW conditions

Sunday today, having a lesson with Terry in low level flight, that’s at 500ft.

The plan is to go via the Ashley river towards the coast, and then North flying over the beach towards Motunau Island. Then over the hills to Omihi and Waipara, back to Rangiora.

BUT, the wind was from the NorWest, and we knew we might have to change plans……

Take off was good, but yes turbulent weather today. Taking of into the NorWest on RWY25 and leaving the circuit via the downwind leg at normal circuit height 1000ft above ground level. As soon as we were a few miles towards the coast I started descending down to 500ft, and that is quite low…. The air was a bit nicer to us down here, but as soon as we reached the hills from Amberley, the down draft of the NW wind over the hills there was really bad. I am sure it would have been OK higher up, but that’s not what today’s lesson was about. So we turned around and followed the hills towards Waipara. The idea is that you fly at an angle of 45deg with the ridge of the hill when crossing it, so that you can quickly turn if you want to for what ever reason. That’s all today’s lesson was about, knowing how to go across one safely.

When we reached the other side, I followed the State Highway up to Omihi, and turned around back towards Waipara and Amberley, still flying at 500ft above the ground. I am glad I did this lesson, not just for the low level flying and going 45deg across ridges, but also the NorWest wind, and the turbulence’s associated with it. With Terry as instructor I felt safe, but I am sure I would not have flown solo in these conditions. Not ready for it, but good to experience them. Its like being in a washing machine, up, down, left right…..  Just have a look at the landing video below, gives you a little bit of an idea about the wind.

I call it a solid landing, suddenly lost airspeed and got onto the ground, without bouncing !

Tomorrow possibly my “flight test” with Dave before I get my Advanced Local pilot licence. Will let you know how that went 🙂

Flight 57, 3 forced Landings

Yes another Saturday, another flight. A strong NorWester blowing yesterday. Today more of that but it looked like this morning was going to be ok, just not as strong. And yes nice and calm this morning, but signs of the NW on the sky !!

Getting VERY close now to my Advanced Local pilot licence.

I met with Dave the head instructor who has been instructing me until a couple of months ago, and Terry my current instructor. They were sorting out at what stage I was and get me ready for my Advanced Local pilot licence.

While they where talking they send me off, Solo, into the local training area, about 10nm NorthWest of Rangiora, to perform a number of Forced Landings. You basically find a nice padlock into the wind, and simulate a landing , starting at an altitude of 1500ft above ground. The same height you join an airstrip.

Click HERE to see the map below:

3 Forced Landings

When I found a place to land, on the left of me, I closed the throttle, and started descending in the “down wind” leg to about 1000ft. Then turning left (base leg), still descending as the engine has not enough power to fly, until I got to about 800ft, turning into finals.

When in finals, the idea is to aim at the back of the paddock, and when you are ABSOLUTELY sure you are going to make it, you start “side slipping” in order to land just after the fence at the beginning of the paddock.

I went as low as about 100ft, applied power again and flew away 😊

In the map above you see 3 Forced Pretend Landings.

The first paddock wasn’t good ! Had a power line going straight across, not a good place to land !! I didn’t abort that “landing”, just continued this practice landing, staying well clear of the lines.

I wanted another place to practice and found one not far from there. Did 2 more “landings” and felt it was going better every time.

This is also one of these things I suppose, that you need to keep on practicing. Just like a normal circuit, but somewhere in a paddock.

When I got back, I explained to Dave and Terry how it all went, and they were satisfied.

In the mean time they spoke about my progress, and decided that there was one more thing I had to do:

Flying low level, that’s 500ft, the absolute minimum. The plan is to fly to Lees Valley at about 500ft over the ridge to get there and do some low flying there. Then back over the Weka Pass via Amberley !

After that one more thing, a test flight with Dave. He basically asks me to do a few tasks and if all of that goes well, and it should, I get my Advanced Local pilot licence.

So yes almost there ! 😊😊

Acrobatics talk

No I haven’t gone crazy !!!!  🙂

Won’t be doing acrobatics, but we had a very interesting talk here at the club. Our guest speaker Andrew Love, an accomplished aerobatic pilot.

I met Andrew a few times in Omaka during the last two Easter shows, and knew he was building an acrobatic bi-plane. Super nice guy.

Anyway, the reason we invited him here because we want learn more from him. One thing in perticular:

RECOVERING from a SPIN

A spin is a state of the plane where its not flying anymore, and literally spinning to the ground ( the earth in yoga terms 🙂 )

You get into this situation when the plane stalls and basically falls side ways. Probably because one wing stalls before the other.

This is all good when you are really high and have altitude left to recover. But when low, like in your finals, or somewhere else in the circuit you DON’T want to be in this position !!!!!

To avoid this, make SURE the plane is IN BALANCE using the slip indicator. Oh yes make sure you are flying, so have enough speed 🙂

 

Recovering , if you have enough height its “easy“, but something we might want to practice with Andrew as our instructor, in an acrobatic type plane. Its done following these few instructions:

  • Engine IDLE

  • Stick NEUTRAL

  • OPPOSITE rudder

According to Andrew, you will be out of your spin within one revolution.

Oh and by the way you could easily have dropped (fallen down) 500ft …………

 

 

Flight 56, XC ForrestField, Oxford, Amberley


The weather this weekend wasn’t looking good, so planned a Cross Country trip for today, early start as usual, before work !
Paul had just installed a new windscreen, yes looking very shiny 🙂
I was planning the reverse of last week. Starting in Rangiora, via Cust, past Forest Field, do another loop around home, then around Oxford. And instead of going to Lowborn Abbey like last time, my plan was to follow the foothills towards Amberley, and then back to Rangiora via the Sefton Chipmill.
And yes that all went beautifully well !

Brand new windscreen


Took off towards the west on RWY25 and straight towards Cust, staying at 1200ft, the circuit height, avoiding any aircraft that would be joining (at 1700ft). But today was very quiet. Didn’t see any one. Heard one plane flying around Burnt Hill, sort of the direction I was going to and later on one doing circuits in Rangiora. So yes had the sky to myself !!!!

Below Forest Field. Didn’t take a photo of it last week with all the radio frequency hoha.. Its just to the right of the centre:

Forrest Field

The views are just amazing. None of these photos with my little “plane camera” justify it. You just have to experience it yourself 🙂
Lots of little irrigation reservoirs on farms, lots of roads, easy to navigate as I know the area quite well.
Next I looped home again, see log at the bottom of his post, and around Oxford with the super market just left of the centre:

Oxford

Now going to the North East, following the foothills, below the first hill past Oxford. It is named A9V4, funny name that I found on a topographic map, and the Lees Valley Rd going up on the right :

A9V4

Ashley Gorge with the camping ground, a bit hard to see, but the bridge and river were we swim in summer clearly visible:

Ashley Gorge

Then Glentui, where we regularly go for a walk. That’s in the back, a nice peaceful loop walk there:

Glentui

Here is Mt Grey with lots of forestry. I felt a bit un easy here with all the forest below me. No where to land if I had to, but NO problems so all good.
Just on the horizon on the right is where I went a few weeks ago with Terry, via the Weka pass, to Culverden :

Mt Grey / Maukatere

And around Oxford, with the new Countdown shop in the centre, back on my way home again :

Amberley

Just a shot of the Sefton Chipmill here as it was’n “smoking” enough last time:

Sefton Chipmill

Yes had a good time again.
Before I left home, I checked the MetFlight weather report and it had:
15kt wind @ 1000ft 340deg,
15kt wind @ 3000ft 300deg and,
20kt wind @ 5000ft 290deg.
So thats all between North and West.
Well I definitely could feel that. Little “bumps” in the air all the time, especially flying along the foot hills, making me feel a bit up tight, basically waiting for a big one !
But luckily that never came. Just have to get used to them, and relax a bit more, but be ready for when it happens 🙂

If you click on THIS LINK a new tab opens with the map you see below, GREAT :

Cross Country; RT FF Oxford Amberley RT