Today another lesson. This time in the evening, a little bit of an Easterly breeze, but dying away, resulting in a nice calm evening, ideal for practicing my landings. Yes today going around and around practicing takeoffs and more importantly landings.
A few things I need to remember (probably what this website is about, writing it down so I remember) is during take-off as soon as the nose lifts, I need to give left rudder to stop the plane from veering to the right as it does as a result of the rotating propeller. Prop creates a rotating air stream that pushes the plane in one direction, which needs to be compensated for with the rudder.
I might have mixed up my terms a bit last time. I thought the landing flare was when you pull up when you get low enough. That’s not right. There are 3 phases; descending, round out and flare.
To descend, you lower the engine power and keep the plane’s attitude aimed at the airstrip, resulting in the plane loosing altitude. Control the descend with the engine power and to a lesser extent with the elevator.
- Round out
Then when a few feet above the ground, gently pull the stick, so that you fly horizontal (not descending anymore). Pulling the stick will increase the angle of attack, resulting in a momentarily increase of the lift. This will decrease or even stop the descent. This is the round-out. This phase is a very short one compared to the other two, but essential, before initiating the flare.
The third phase, the flare, is where you pull the stick gently more and more while at the same time slowly reducing power if engine not already at idle as a result of the descend power setting. By pulling the stick more and more in the flare, you create a take-off attitude.
At some stage, the plane will stall and touch down with the main landing gear first. Continue pulling the stick more and more until at the limit, and basically wait for the nose to come down onto the ground.
Descend, round-out and flare:
Round-out and flare:
Really enjoyed this lesson again, and with everything, but especially the landing, you need lots of practice, so that all these three phases, go perfect. Still need more practice, yes. Usually one or two parts of the landing go reasonably well, but one of the will not so good…..
And again to speed up or get more landings, we did most of our circuits at low altitude.
Yes all good fun !!!! 🙂 Oh yes. during one of the down wind lags, Easwaran, pulled the throttle, to simulate a engine failure. This was luckily (obviously well timed) just past the beginning of the runway.
I turned left, but was way to high so continued my base leg (last bit before turning into the final lag) a bit further, so basically made a bit of an s-curve to loose more height. If you have enough height, its just like a normal landing really except there is no engine you can use to slow the descend if you have to….